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Golden Peruvian Tours

CHICLAYO

THE LEGEND OF NAYLAMP
 

The department of Lambayeque is located on the coastal plain and combines arid zones, rich valleys, and dry forests. Chiclayo, bordered by fertile valleys and very close to the ocean, is the capital of the department and the commercial nexus among the three Peruvian regions: coast, highland, and jungle. This territory was the cradle of the Mochicas, who lived there between the first and fourth centuries A.D., which makes Lambayeque one of the most interesting archeological destinations in the country. It was in 1987 that the famous royal tombs of Sipánwere discovered, the burial remains of an important Mochican ruler. Besides the Sipán archeological site, you can visit the modern Royal Tombs of Sipán Museum that contains the most extraordinary gold pieces found in the excavations. Likewise, it is worth a visit to the Brunning Museum, located in the province of Lambayeque, and to the Sicán Museum, located in the province of Ferreñafe. Túcume is another archeological site of unique beauty. There, you will see more than twenty adobe pyramids, all approximately forty meters high, that belong to the Lambayeque culture and which are nestled in an area full of wildlife and abundant vegetation. Another must see in Lambayeque is the Chaparrí Ecological Reserve, located in the district of Chongoyape. Here, the dry forests and the biodiversity they shelter are preserved. Lambayeque also boasts one of the best cuisines in the country: exquisite rice with duck competes with ceviche in a competition where the gourmands are always the winners. The lovely port and beach resort of Pimentel and the tradition town of Saña with its Colonial houses and churches in ruins round out the attractions of this fascinating department.

Altitude:

Capital: Chiclayo (29 m.a.s.l)
Lowest point: 4 m.a.s.l. / 13 fasl (Pimentel)
Highest point: 3078 masl / 10.098 fasl (Incahuasi)

Climate:

The city of Chiclayo has an arid, warm climate with an average annual maximum temperature of 26.2ºC (79.2ºF) and a minimum of 17.3ºC (63.1ºF). When the El Niño Phenomenon happens, the climate varies the level of precipitation rises and the temperature can increase.

City tour

The visit of the Chiclayo City includes the Main Square located in the center of the City. The Cathedral of Chiclayo, The City Hall, it is a Republican building with wide windows and doors of forged iron. The Veronica Chapel, its temple originated as a rustic shelter or small chapel that probably offered masses for the dead and celebrated festivals for the saints of the communities of Cinto and Collique. The church, built in 1868, is constructed on a rectangular plane with twin bell towers and a small atrium. Its domed ceiling is held up by beams of plastered carob wood, and its upper panel and niches are covered in bronze leaves. Return to the hotel.

Witch Doctor´s Market

The Witch Doctor's Market is located in southwest corner of Mercado Modelo of Chiclayo city. The brujos (witch doctors), curanderos(healers) and shamans sell tonics, hallucinogenic beverages, aromatic herbs, amulets and more, and they make traditional medicine treatments, also read cards, guess the future or move away the bad spirits. Ancestral knowledge of the curative properties of plants has permitted Peruvian healers to develop a veritable pharmacopoeia as part of man’s religious integration with nature. Using these plants is widespread not only among healers and indigenous people but also among the residents of large modern cities who appreciate their curative properties. A “chamico" (Daturastramonium) tea is recommended to combat asthma while quinine, an extract of the “quina” or “cascarilla” (Cinchona officinalis) is a sure remedy against malaria. Kidney and gall bladder stones can be dissolved drinking a beverage made with “cola de caballo” (Andropogonbicornis) or “chancapiedra” (literally “stone crusher”, or Phyllanthusniruri). Meanwhile, jacaranda (Jacaranda acutifolia) and “huamanripa” (Laccopetalumgiganteum) have proven effectiveness against bronchial conditions. “Matico” (Piper adumcum) is an anti-inflammatory and “tara” (Caesalpinaspinosa) leaves are an effective anti-diarrheic. “Uña de gato” (Uncariatomentosa) acts as an inhibitor of cancer cells and valerian (Valerianapinnatifida) prevents epilepsy and cures insomnia.

Huaca Rajada

Mochican archaeological complex, located 35 Km. (21.7 miles) southeast of Chiclayo (45 minutes by car). It is located at the borders of what once was the Pomalca plantation. It is a monument made of adobe bricks that belongs to the period of the Regional Developments expressed by Moche culture. This archaeological site has this name because of the cut it suffered during an old pillage: HuacaRajada. Later, it was modified by muchik: Sipán, as it is known now. On 1987 Dr. Walter Alva began his investigations in this place, thanks to an initial hint given by some "huaqueros" (people from the region dedicated to profane the tombs), and discovered the tomb of Señor de Sipán (Lord of Sipan), tomb of priests and important Mochicans, of ritual character. He had also discovered the tomb "El Sacerdote" (The Priest) and the tomb of the "Viejo Señor de Sipan" (Old Lord of Sipan).

Tucume

Located 1 Km / 0,6 miles from the town of Túcume (10 minutes by car) or 33 Km / 21 miles north of Chiclayo city (20 minutes by car). The capital of Sicán Culture. According to the legend, it was built in the year 700 A.D. and was founded by Calac, descendent of Naylamp. The monumentality is given by great pyramids made of adobe tricks, platforms, stuff, finish with adobe bricks and quincha structures, plaster that some time was painted contrasting with the green of Pómac wood and the agricultural zones. Túcume, or Valle de lasPirámides (Valley of the Pyramids), is made up of twenty-six pyramids, the most impressive ones being the Huaca del Pueblo, La Raya (Purgatorio), El Sol, and Las Estacas. Besides of archeology richness, other programs are offered such as testing of the local cuisine, shamanistic experiences, traditional medicine, and cultural exchange. Túcume stands out for its level of community involvement in the preservation of its natural and cultural heritage. Túcume is an archeological site of unique beauty. There, you will see more than twenty adobe pyramids, all approximately forty meters high, that belong to the Lambayeque or Sicán culture and which are nestled in an area full of wildlife and abundant vegetation

Tumbas Reales del Señor de Sipan Museum

The Museum of the Royal Tombs of Sipán showcase the marvelous finds from HuacaRajada. Exhibits the most important archaeological remains of the Mochica Culture, in an exceptional exhibition that combines maximum scientific accuracy, security and enjoyment to show the jewels, emblems and ornaments found in the tomb of a Mochica government leader called the Lord of Sipán. Located in Lambayeque city.

Sican National Museum

This unique museum is the result of over two decades of scientific investigation by the Sicán Archaeological Project. The museum is singular in a number of respects: It is dedicated to scientific research of the Sicán or Lambayeque culture and dissemination of its results, as well as protection and storage of the material remains of this culture. This exhibit focuses on all aspects of the Sicán people and their culture. Located in Ferreñafecity.

Bruning Museum

Here, a collection of archeological objects gathered by the German ethnographer Heinrich Brüningis displayed. The four floors of the museum show ceramic, textile, stone and wood worked artifacts. Taken together, they demonstrate the vigorous artistic and technological character of the regional cultures of the past 5000 years. The "Sala de Oro" (Gold Room) of this museum is an exhibition of the priceless historic treasure of the pre-Colombian America. Located in Lambayeque.

Pimentel

Pimentel Beach Resort: 11 km / 7 miles west of Chiclayo (15 minutes by car). This modern beach resort is a good place to surf. You can also observe fishermen who still make use of the ancestral rafts, “caballitos de totora” (little horses of totora reeds), traditionally used on the north coast of Peru since the pre-Colombian era.

Santa Rosa

Picturesque fishermen village, located at 5 Km. (3.1 miles) south of Pimentel, has a long sandy beach. Caballitos de totora and fishing fleet over the sand. Popular seafood restaurants, famed for its "tortilla de raya" (omelet made from stringray) and chicha (fermented corn beer).

Monsefu

Artisans' town, located 20 Km. (12.4 miles) southwest of Chiclayo. You can arrive from Santa Rosa or from Chiclayo directly by the Pan-American Highway. Monsefú is known for its straw weaving – hats, baskets, purses, and saddle bags – as well as works of cotton and thread. It is also famous for embroidery with gold and silver threads. There, you can find delicate napkins, table cloths, blouses, skirts, ponchos, and embroidered cloaks. Among their people there are many artisans dedicated to the making of articles of thread and straw, and ceramic objects. The architecture of their constructions and their residents will transport you to the past.

Pomac Forest Historical Sanctuary

The Pomac Forest Historical Sanctuary is located in Batán Grande, 20 Km from Ferreñafe or 38 Km from Chiclayo. This dry forest is a refuge for carob trees, birds, and at the same time for Sican archeological remains. Here are twenty pre-Inca mounds or pyramids, called huacas, like Las VentanasHuaca, HuacaLucía, Huaca La Merced or HuacaRodillona. The archeological discoveries have been surprising because of the quantity of gold objects found. The Sican Archeological Project located a tomb with valuable burial items composed of crowns, rings, masks, bracelets, necklaces, weapons, armor, and other objects of gold and semiprecious stones like turquoise, spondylus (red sea shell), lapis lazuli, and amber. The forest is full of varied flora of zapote (quararibeasp), guarango, and carob trees.